Misoprostol is an FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved medication. It is used for many medical purposes. The drug is a synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. The drug, Misoprostol is commonly used as an Abortion Pill. It is a secondary medication with Mifepristone in a medical abortion procedure. The medicine is used for expelling out the dead fetus tissues out of the body through vaginal bleeding.
Rather than this, the medication is used for many other purposes like; it is used to prevent stomach ulcers while you take NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen). This medication is especially prescribed when you are at risk of developing ulcers or have a history of ulcers. The medicine protects stomach lining by decreasing the amount of acid that comes in contact with it. Thus, it helps in decreasing the risk of serious ulcer complications such as bleeding. The medicine is also used to start labor in a pregnant woman. The healthcare professional will insert it into your vagina for the same.
Side Effects of the Medicine
Like every other medicine, Misoprostol too has some mild side effects. But these side effects are temporary and vanish in a small span of time.
If you are using Misoprostol to end a pregnancy, then it may cause serious stomach cramps and heavy vaginal bleeding which will slow down after a few days and end within 2 weeks. Nausea, Diarrhea, Dizziness, Fatigue and headache are its common side effects which may occur.
If you feel serious allergic reactions like rash, itching, swelling (face, throat, and tongue), severe dizziness and difficulty in breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
Precautions of the Medicine
Before taking Misoprostol, you should consider some basic precautionary points to avoid any kind of negative effect.
- If you are taking the medicine to end the pregnancy, first consult the doctor to know whether you are allergic to the medicine. If yes, then you should avoid its usage.
- Before using the medication, share your medical history with your doctor. If you have or had an intestinal disease, the medicine can cause uterine rupture if taken vaginally.
- Avoid smoking and drinking (alcoholic beverages) pre and post Misoprostol consumption. As it can increase the risk of stomach bleeding.
- The medication passes into your breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, then you should first consult your doctor prior to buying the medicine.
Women in Europe mostly use it for aborting an unwanted pregnancy. The medicine provides a safe and secure complete abortion without any complications.